Conditions We Treat

What is Mental Illness? 

Mental illness refers to a wide range of medical conditions that are most evident in a person’s feelings, thought patterns, and behaviors rather than in physical injury or ailment. Everyone has dark, anxious, or confused moods on occasion; a person is said to be mentally ill only when his or her behavioral problems are prolonged or severe enough to create issues in daily living, with personal relationships, or result in harm to one’s self or others. 

Symptoms of mental illness can include feelings of intense sadness, confusion and poor concentration, excessive worry or guilt, mood swings, pronounced antisocial tendencies, lethargy or lack of energy, difficulty dealing with stress, and changes in eating habits or sex drive. In more severe cases, symptoms may include alcohol or drug abuse, paranoia, hallucinations, explosive temper or fits of violence, feelings of alienation, and suicidal thoughts.

In recent years, scientists have been able to show that mental illness is caused, at least in part, by various biological and environmental factors, including certain inherited traits, pre-birth exposures, and aspects of brain chemistry. Factors that risk triggering mental illness are stressful life situations, chronic medical conditions, brain damage, traumatic experiences, drug and alcohol use, antisocial lifestyles, and physical or emotional abuse. 

All Baptist Health facilities utilize the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders to identify and diagnose behavioral illnesses and conditions. The DSM is the world’s leading source of diagnostic information for mental illnesses. Its use is critical to successful treatment of behavioral conditions because effective treatment begins with proper diagnosis. 

Conditions we treat

Baptist Health treats a variety of medical conditions relating to behavioral health.

  • Anxiety Disorders

    There are many types of anxiety disorders, which primary symptoms include excessive fear and worry.

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  • Childhood Disorders

    Mental disorders among children can affect the way children typically learn, behave, or handle their emotions.

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  • Dissociative Disorders

    Dissociative disorders involve problems with memory, identity, emotion, perception, behavior and sense of self.

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  • Major and Mild Neurocognitive Disorders

    Major and mild neurocognitive disorders can occur with several medical conditions.

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  • Mood Disorders

    Mood disorders affect emotional stability and interfere with one's ability to function. A person may feel extremely sad, irritable or depressed. And, they may have periods of excessive happiness.

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  • Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders

    A disorder characterized by unwanted thoughts or sensations that lead to compulsive behaviors.

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  • Personality Disorders

    Personality disorders are mental health conditions that affect patterns of thinking, functioning and behaving.

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  • Schizophrenia Spectrum and other Psychotic Disorders

    These disorders are defined by debilitating symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, speech, and abnormal motor behavior.

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  • Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

    These are a group of conditions in which physical pain and symptoms are psychological, and cannot be traced to a physical cause.

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  • Substance Use Disorder

    This disorder affects a person's brain and behavior, which leads to an inability to control the use of substances such as alcohol, drugs and prescribed medication.

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